How To Draw Caricatures Step By Step

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If you are looking for a tutorial that shows you how to draw caricatures step by step, then look no further! In this tutorial, I’m going to show you step by step how to draw a caricature face.

OK, let’s get to it!…

A Simple Exercise To Teach You How To Draw Caricatures Step By Step

The following is a simple drawing caricatures exercise for drawing a face. We are going to get this one simple exercise done before trying to “caricaturise” or “cartoonize” a persons face.

How To Draw A Caricature Face

These are the steps to the face creation process by using an easy oval shape exercise.

Step 1: Draw a circle, make divisions above indicated. Divide into 4 sections the lower half of the circle and draw these markers on the dividing center line.

Drawing a caricature face step 1
Drawing a caricature face step 1

Step 2: Draw another circle that intercepts the middle halfway mark of the lower section of the large circle.

Drawing a caricature face step 2
Drawing a caricature face step 2

Step 3: Draw ovals for the eyes just below the halfway line, add eyebrows.

Drawing a caricature face step 3
Drawing a caricature face step 3

Step 4: Draw centre line on the eye ellipse shape.

Drawing a caricature face step 4
Drawing a caricature face step 4

Step 5: Draw the eyelash shapes and upper and lower eyelids.

Drawing a caricature face step 5
Drawing a caricature face step 5

Step 6: The nose is also made up of 3 small circles as shown.

Drawing a caricature face step 6
Drawing a caricature face step 6

Also Read: Proportion Drawing | Proportions of the Face

Step 7: Draw the outline of the jaw.

Drawing a caricature face step 7
Drawing a caricature face step 7

Step 8: Draw the other jaw line and there is another small oval on the chin.

Drawing a caricature face step 8
Drawing a caricature face step 8

Step 9: The mouth is made up from 3 small circles on the edge of the main large circle.

Drawing a caricature face step 9
Drawing a caricature face step 9

Step 10: The mouth is draw with the outer edge of the lips lining up with the mid point of the eye, note the line draw lightly from the eye down.

Drawing a caricature face step 10
Drawing a caricature face step 10

Step 11: The lower lip is added and the centre line is defined between the upper and lower lips.

Drawing a caricature face step 11
Drawing a caricature face step 11

Step 12: Add definition to the eyes and draw another circle in the eye socket.

Drawing a caricature face step 12
Drawing a caricature face step 12

Step 13: Draw iris of the eyes, leaving a highlight and not coloring in all dark, gives shine to the eyes.

Drawing a caricature face step 13
Drawing a caricature face step 13

Step 14: Draw the ears so the top of the ear is inline with the top of the eye.

Drawing a caricature face step 14
Drawing a caricature face step 14

Step 15: Add hair shapes depending on the type of hairstyle.

Drawing a caricature face step 15
Drawing a caricature face step 15

Step 16: Then add in the hair loose shapes to both sides of the head.

Drawing a caricature face step 16
Drawing a caricature face step 16

The Final Step: Add in the neck and the face is complete! Congratulation, you’ve just finished the final step in our how to draw a face tutorial.

Drawing a caricature face step 17
Drawing a caricature face step 17

The above example and simple exercise on how to draw caricatures step by step is based on simple shapes. Remember the KISS principle:
K – keep
I – it
S – simple
S – stupid
Practice drawing ovals and you will be well on your way to mastering the art of the caricature, as the human head is based up simple oval shapes.

How To Draw A Cartoon Person

When learning how to draw caricatures, it is important to be able to capture the unique look of a caricature figure. In this tutorial, I’m going to show you how to capture the pose of the subject you are trying to draw and also how to add character and liveliness to it.

First off, let’s start by talking about…

How To Draw Cartoon Skeleton

Every face, head, body or pose is constructed on the basis of a skeleton. Just like drawings of the human figure our drawing is going to stand or fall depending upon the sturdiness of it’s skeleton or basic underlying structure.

How to draw the basic frame of a caricature person 300x177 1
How to draw the basic frame of a caricature person

The idea of constructing a pose that is not in front of you as most of the time your subject will be seated, is a daunting task for most novice artists trying to learn how to draw caricatures. Don’t worry we are going to show you how to overcome your fears by a few simple tricks that are based on the drawing “skeleton” that will guarantee you can’t go wrong. So grab your tracing paper and do the above simple 3 step sketch.

When you get used to drawing these simple poses you will no longer have to draw a skeleton first but that will be done the track when you feel confident that your sketches will do the trick.

Also we will show you how to practice and make perfect simple little skeletons first before putting on any flesh or clothes.

The biggest mistake that the novice artist makes when drawing caricatures is to skip this vital step. In so doing they are missing the point of the cartoon pose, “Gesture”.

Caricature gesture pose 300x225 1
Caricature gesture pose

Take a look at the above two-step gesture based cartoon. Notice that you can really read the emotion of the sketch in step1. If you never saw (the rough sketchy) step 2, you would probably understand that this was cartoon of man in a bold stride.

  • You would know from this that he is not depressed.
  • You would know that he is not sneaking or acting shy.
  • You could probably guess he was having fun.
  • The one thing that is missing is the facial expression.

Now the only thing apart from the loose details of the clothing that has been added, is the face detail and expression. This man is happy, he is in a dashing stride, maybe he has just won a fortune or maybe he is in Broadway production. To let people in on the gag completely you simply add in some background elements.

So lets take a look at two different sets of background elements that will do just that.

The first image is going to show you the same man with a background suggesting he has won a fortune, the second one unchanged apart from the background again, the man looks like he is part of a Broadway production.

Caricature figure that just won money 240x300 1
Caricature figure that just won money

So this is a very important thing to remember when learning how to draw caricatures, if you get your set lot of poses practice and rehearsed well, then it will be a simple matter of deciding which one you will choose to “attach” to your “big head”.

Caricature figure in a Broadway production 240x300 1
Caricature figure in a Broadway production

Remember, Graeme’s style of “big head – facing straight ahead” portrait drawing, can be used in literally dozens of pose types:

  • sitting pose drawing
  • standing pose drawing
  • dancing pose drawing
  • running pose drawing
  • walking pose drawing
  • riding pose drawing
  • jumping pose drawing
  • flying pose drawing
  • landing pose drawing
  • sneaking pose drawing
  • strutting pose drawing
  • falling pose drawing

Now if you had the person doing a side-on or 3/4 view, you will be limited with your set poses as to how to make them work easily.

Draw Happy Smiling Faces

So it comes down to the gesture or pose and the expression on their faces. Now most of the time the expression is NOT going to change. Everyone loves to see themselves smiling when they look in the mirror and the caricature is a mirror type expression of someone, so happy smiling is what you are going to do most of the time. Learning how to draw caricatures doesn’t have to be hard. With the right instructions and a little bit of practice, you can be an expert at how to draw caricatures in no time.

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